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World well known Scientists and Sufi of Uzbekistan


Mahmud az-Zamahshari Ahmad Al-Farghoni
Hakim at-Termizi Abu Mansur Al-Moturudi
Muhammad Boboiy Samosiy Ali Rometoniy
Abu Ali Ibn Sino Burkhaniddin Marghinoni
Imom Al-Bukhari Mahmud Anjir Ferg’aviy
Khoja Ahror Vali Abu Rayxon Beruni
Bakhauddin Naqshband Abdukhalik Ghijduvani
Akhmad al-Ferghani Abu Iso at-Termizi
Al Khorazmi Alisher Navoi
Said Amir Kulol Orif Ar-Revgariy

Abdukhalik Ghijduvani Mauzoleum. The 15th century. In 1433 Mirzo Ulughbek ordered to built a grand madrassah in honour of His Eminence Sheikh Abdukhalik Ghijduvani, a great leader of tasavvuf and suphism, who was born in 1103 in the town of Ghijduvani. It was to be built to the qibla, the side to which Muslims turn their faces during prays, of the grave of his Eminence. His Eminence was known as Khojai Jahon. He was the author of a number of books. By the initiative of the President of Uzbekistan the 890th birthday anniversary of Abdukhalik Ghijduvani was widely celebrated in 1993. 

Muhammad Al-Khorazmi. Muhammad Al-Khorazmi (780-863) - the greatest mathematician of his age, the founder of Algebra, the pioneer of algorithm and the decimal system of numeration. On the basis of Al-Khorazmi's algorithm a new science appeared - cybernetics, and it is impossible to develop other sciences without cybernetics.

Akhmad Al-Farghoni. Akhmad Al-Farghoni (798-861...) - the astronomer, mathematician and geographer. His works "The Principles of Astronomy" brought him fame throughout the world. He drew up a world map where he showed the continents and water basins and indicated azimuths. Now the map is being preserved in the state library of Genoa , in Italy . Al-Farghoni proved by exact facts that the Earth has the form of a globe. In Cordoba ( Spain ), he organised a scientific centre and laid the foundation for the University. He was known in the East by the name Alfraganus. The 1200th anniversary of his birthday was celebrated in 1998, under the auspices of UNESCO. 

Imam Al-Bukhari. Imam Al-Bukhari (810-870) - the well known scientist in the Islamic religion, theologian.  His famous work is "Al-Jome' as-Sakhikh" is reckoned the second holy book after the Koran in the Muslim world.

Imam Abu Mansur AI-Moturidi. Imam Abu Mansur AI-Moturidi (870-944) - the great thinker of the Muslim world, the founder of Islamic theology and the Maturidiya school of Sunni doctrine.

Abu Nasr Muhammad Al-Farabi. Abu Nasr Muhammad Al-Farabi (872-950) - the philosopher, mathematician and explorer of music. In Х II- Х III centuries many of his works were translated into Latin, Ancient Hebrew, and Persian languages. Later it was translated into the languages of other peoples of the world. In addition to the fact that he was the teacher of Avicenna and the well-known commentator on Aristotle's works, he was also the author of many books on philosophy and politics. He wrote comments on Plato's "Laws", and in the sphere of philosophy he was reckoned as the second scientist after Aristotle. As a token of recognition of his merits he was titled "The Second Teacher".

Abu Reikhan Muhammad ibn Akhmad AI-Beruni. Abu Reikhan Muhammad ibn Akhmad AI-Beruni (973-1048-1051) - the Medieval scientist with encyclopedic knowledge. He is well known for his fundamental and other investigations in the sphere of geology, geography, geodesy, astronomy, astrology, mathematics, mineralogy, medicine, pharmacology, natural sciences, history, philosophy and philology. In addition to his mother tongue, he knew Sogd, Persian, Sanskrit, Arabic, Syrian, Greek and the ancient Hebrew languages. He put forward the hypothesis that the Earth had the form of a globe and predicted the existence of another continent in the eastern hemisphere or the present American continent four centuries before Columbus had discovered it.

Abu Alli ibn Sino. Abu Alli ibn Sino (980-1037). H e is known in the West by the name Avicenna. Philosopher and doctor. The translation of his grandiose work "Canon of Medicine" into the Latin language was the best book in Medicine at that time. For six centuries it served as the best manual and guide book for doctors of all European countries.

Burkhoniddin Al-Marghiloni. Burkhoniddin Al-Marghiloni (1118-1197) - the great scholar and one of the founders of the Islamic Law, Jurisprudence, Sheykh ul Islam (the head of the Islamic clergy) and poet. 
He created the great work, "Khidoya" ("True way"), which consists of 57 books. For eight centuries the book has been considered as the most respected and perfect resource in Jurisprudence. This classic work was not only translated into many European languages, but also there appeared many comments and explanations on it, which bear witness to the universal legacy of Marghiloni.

Sultan Jaloliddin Manguberdi. Sultan Jaloliddin Manguberdi (1199-1231) - the defender of the Fatherland, the brave commander, statesman, national hero of our people. For eleven years (out of his thirty two ) he headed the fight against Mongol invaders. The 800th anniversary of his birth was celebrated in November, 1999.

Amir Temur. Amir Temur (1336-1405) - the world-wide statesman and commander. He was the founder of a great empire with Samarkand as the capital. It included Maverannahr, Khorazm, the legions located round the Caspian Sea, the territory of present-day Afghanistan , some parts of India , Iraq , Iran , part of the Caucasus and many other countries located in West Asia . He revived the world's transcontinental trade route - the Great Silk Road across Maverannahr.
Historians note two big services involuntarily rendered to the European people by the talented commander Amir Temur. First of all, he rendered indirect assistance to Russia , so that they could put an end to the Tatar-Mongolian invasion. In 1395, he defeated the troops of the Golden Horde in Terek and devastated its capital city Saray Berke. Secondly, in the battle near Ankara , in 1402, he defeated the troops of Bayazid, the Sultan of the Ottoman empire, and having taken Bayazid prisoner, he delayed the invasion of Constantinople by the Turks for about 50 years.
For his generation's edification he wrote a book entitled "Temur Tuzuklari" ( "Temur's Codes"), the code of laws on state governing. Its historical importance lies in the fact, that for the hundred year's rule of his generation, the Temurids, almost complete peace and stability were preserved in the country. Ii served as an important factor for (he development of science, culture, art and economics.

Mirzo Ulughbek. Mirzo Ulughbek (1394-1449) - the ruler of Samarkand , the grandson of Amir Temur. Having possessed encyclopedic knowledge he gave preference to mathematics and astronomy. As a ruler of Samarkand , he gathered the best astronomers and mathematicians of his time in the city. In one of the hills not far from the city, he created an observatory equipped with the best instruments of the time. Ulughbek's main work is his "Table of Stars", created with great accuracy according to the standards of modern astronomy.

Alisher Navoi. Alisher Navoi (1441-1501) - one of the greatest poets of the Medieval East, the author of many lyrical poems, gazelles, prose works, scientific treatises, the founder (if Uzbek literature and the statesman - vizier ( the minister m the court of the Sultan Husain Mirzo Boiqaro). the patron of scientists, painters and craftsmen. By his order, hospitals, madrassahs and bath houses were created. For more than live centuries the people of the world have enjoyed reading his books, singing his songs and studying his works. His talent is the property of the whole of mankind.

Kamoliddin Bekhzod. Kamoliddin Bekhzod (1455-1535) is a world renowned miniature-painter. In Europe he was named as "Rafaello of the East". His creative activity prospered under the patronage of 'femur's great-grandson - Sultan Husain Bayqaro and the poet Alisher Navoi, who held a high state post. In honour of Bekhzod, the National Institute of Art's and Design Academy of Art's of Uzbekistan is named after him Soon the museum devoted to him and his works will be finished in Tashkent.

Zakhiriddin Mukhammad Bobur. Zakhiriddin Mukhammad Bobur (1483-1530) is the well known historian, poet and writer, great statesman, the son of the ruler of Ferghana, the last ruler from the Temurids dynasty, who tried to put an end to the internecine wars and revive the past power and unity of the Temurid state, the founder of the dynasty and the Empire of the Great Moghols – Boburids in India (1525), which reigned over the country for 336 years, lie is the author of the historical work "Bobur-name", where he depicted the lives and customs of people, the flora and fauna of the regions he ruled, and gave a picturesque portrait of their geographic and ethnographic conditions.

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